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Does it think that Japan is committed to eliminating all non-tariff barriers and preventing the imposition of new barriers of this kind?
Before completing the study, did the Commission consult with industry on the result of the study and, more specifically, on the establishment of a roadmap for the elimination of non-tariff barriers in key sectors?
If so, have these sectors made clear their support for Japan's commitment to the roadmap concerning non-tariff barriers? The Council has not yet expressed a formal position.
The EU Member States will continue discussing the issue in autumn and the Commission looks forward to their decision.
The relevant industries have been consulted throughout the process of the scoping exercise and the specific roadmaps on Non-Tariff Barriers NTBs.
The Commission is pleased to inform the Honourable Member that the impact assessment, which was completed in preparation for the future FTA with Japan, has been published on the Commission's website.
There has been a steady increase in the number of complaints by citizens about the unfair practices of debtor information companies and law firms engaged in asset recovery.
The recent law laying down operating rules for debtor information companies has ultimately proved insufficient, since, in addition to the unfair practices of banks, an asset recovery role has now been assigned to law firms and asset recovery services that fall outside the relevant law and operate in defiance of common practice and violate the constitutionally guaranteed rights of the integrity of the person, honour, the inviolability of the home and personal data.
Furthermore, consumer associations complain that some banks circumvent the restrictions and prohibitions of this Law, going so far as to cede their claims to foreign companies without notifying the debtors, as they are required to do by the Civil Code.
How are Greek borrowers protected from the uncontrolled actions of agencies such as law firms and banks' asset recovery services, which have professionally assumed an asset recovering role, without being subject to the provisions and rules provided by the relevant legislation?
What is the state of affairs in all Member States in this area? Is it aware of similar practices in other Member States? What action has been taken to address theses practices so as to ensure that borrowers, heavily indebted households and especially vulnerable groups are protected?
Will it make recommendations to the competent authorities in order to create a broader framework of rules governing the ceding of debts by financial institutions to third parties?
We have taken note of the observations of the Honourable Member on the practices concerning debt collection in Greece.
However, there is no European legislation on the functioning of debt collecting firms. The Commission has proposed a Draft Directive on credit agreements relating to residential property that is at present in the co-decision process.
This Draft Directive does not regulate the process of debt collection. The practices mentioned in the Staff Working Paper should be considered within their respective national contexts.
As far as debt settlement and foreclosure procedures are concerned, these are dealt with at national level and remain within the jurisdiction of the national authorities concerned.
Therefore, the issue described by the Honourable Member is a matter of national legislation Greek, in this case and the Commission is not aware of measures taken, at national level, by the individual Member States.
The Commission does not envisage issuing recommendations to the Member States on ceding debts by financial institutions to the third parties.
However, the Commission is very attentive to the problems suffered by over-indebted households and is currently carrying out a study on households' over-indebtedness.
This study aims at finding updated information, analysing its causes and financial consequences, and listing actions for alleviating its impact. If so, has there been a response to the Turkish authorities and what has this response been?
I soldati quotidianamente rubano e uccidono il bestiame e costringono la popolazione locale con intimidazioni e violenze ad abbandonare i villaggi per fare spazio alle ruspe del governo.
L'UE ha adottato misure per fare pressione sul governo etiope per cessare le violenze nei confronti delle popolazioni che vivono lungo le sponde del fiume Omo?
Nel caso in cui le violenze non dovessero cessare, l'UE potrebbe imporre sanzioni a livello commerciale nei confronti dell'Etiopia?
The aim of the dam is to produce electricity that Ethiopia will export to Kenya, Sudan and other countries. In addition to not bringing energy to the local Ethiopian population, the dam will have a devastating impact on the delicate ecosystem of the indigenous communities living along the banks of the river.
Furthermore, the Ethiopian Government is forcibly evicting thousands of indigenous people from their land in the Omo valley.
According to Human Rights Watch, military units regularly go to the villages to intimidate the people and suppress any dissent relating to the development of sugar cane crops.
This is because the dam, as well as producing electricity, is also supposed to act as a reservoir for the future sugar cane crops of large multinationals.
The soldiers steal and kill livestock on a daily basis, forcing the local population with intimidation and violence to leave their villages to make way for the government bulldozers.
The communities have been given a year to move. Fear is growing as violence — which has now become a daily event — increases. There are increasingly frequent reports of beatings, rapes and arrests among the tribes near the River Omo.
The EU is actively engaging the Ethiopian Government in a regular and substantial political dialogue which is part of our partnership approach with ACP countries under the Cotonou Agreement.
The EU has thus far not raised the specific issue of the Gibe 3 hydroelectric dam with the Ethiopian authorities. However, in the dialogue with the Government of Ethiopia due attention is given to the respect for human rights and the environment in development plans, processes and interventions.
Let me assure you that we will continue to follow up these issues, including through our regular dialogue with the Ethiopian authorities.
Recent studies show that the deteriorating economic and social situation caused by the current financial crisis is affecting a large part of the socially marginalised population, leading to problems in accessing suitable housing and proper living conditions.
At the same time, cuts to local authority budgets are making it impossible to construct or support the construction of hospitals, doctors' surgeries, dental surgeries, family-type houses for children in need, old people's homes and hospices, along with other public-interest projects such as social housing for poor, elderly or sick people.
What measures would the Commission propose that could be supported from Community funds with the aim of improving living conditions for socially marginalised people, including the construction of social facilities in social housing areas?
Cohesion policy has responded to the economic crisis by stimulating demand and increasing public investment.
In , the European Regional Development Fund ERDF regulation was modified to extend eligibility of social housing to marginalised communities explicitly, though not exclusively, targeting Roma marginalised communities located in urban and rural areas of all Member States.
This extended eligibility is to form part of an integrated approach, in which housing investments are accompanied by interventions in the fields such as employment, education and healthcare.
Currently, a number of programmes are being modified by Member States to take advantage of this change.
The proposed Common Strategic Framework for will provide a coordinated direction for investments in Europe targets in the national, regional and local context.
For an integrated and sustainable response addressing the multiple needs of marginalised people, support for housing infrastructure can be coupled with investment by the European Social Fund in areas such as active inclusion, the integration of marginalised communities and access to quality services.
Ecologizare — proiecte agromediu Pilonul 2. Given that greening is obligatory and provides the basis for agri-environmental projects under the second pillar, how does the Commission believe that the re-utilisation of these funds can be regulated?
The greening requirements have, to a certain extent, a similar nature as the current agri-environment measures. However, commitments supported under the new agri-environment-climate measures will have to go beyond the obligations of greening, which is part of the baseline for these measures.
This means that the practices defined as being part of the greening requirements will not be eligible for the support under agri-environment-climate measures.
While the greening practices will take the form of simple, generalised, non-contractual and annual actions, agri-environment-climate operations will be more targeted, area-specific, contractual and multiannual.
This dual structure should lead to the further enhancement of the environmental performance of the CAP. Laufzeit der finanziellen Hilfen für Griechenland und Spanien.
Wie bewertet die Kommission die Belastungen für die europäischen Steuerzahlerinnen und Steuerzahler in den kommenden Wochen? Wie bewertet die Kommission die Bereitschaft des griechischen Volkes, seinen Beitrag ganz aktiv zu leisten — also auch seinen Lebensstil den europäischen Gepflogenheiten anzupassen?
Ohne die Bereitschaft, etwas zu ändern, wird es nicht gehen. Was die finanzielle Unterstützung Spaniens angeht, besteht das Hauptziel des Programms für den Finanzsektor darin, die Widerstandsfähigkeit des gesamten Bankensektors zu erhöhen und den Marktzugang wiederherzustellen.
Der genaue Kapitalbedarf der spanischen Kreditinstitute wird derzeit von unabhängigen Wirtschaftsprüfern und Beratern ermittelt.
Der finanzielle Beistand ist an die erforderlichen bankenspezifischen und systemweiten Konditionen gebunden. EUR zur Verfügung steht, die im Bedarfsfall vor den Umstrukturierungsentscheidungen verwendet werden kann.
Die zentralen Ziele der griechischen Regierung im Rahmen des zweiten wirtschaftlichen Anpassungsprogramms sind die Verringerung des Staatsdefizits, die Rückführung des öffentlichen Schuldenstands und der finanziellen Situation auf ein tragfähiges Niveau sowie die Wiederherstellung der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit.
Zur Bewältigung der Herausforderungen, denen Griechenland derzeit gegenübersteht, bedarf es schwieriger haushaltspolitischer und struktureller Reformen mit erheblichen wirtschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Konsequenzen.
Griechenland führt bereits seit Beginn der Krise umfangreiche Reformen durch, die in vielen Bereichen auch bereits greifbare Ergebnisse zeigen, doch angesichts der in der Vergangenheit aufgebauten enormen Ungleichgewichte müssen diese Anstrengungen weitergehen.
According to internal EFSF reports the financial assistance for Spain will run until and that for Greece until As regards the financial support provided to Spain, the main objective of the financial sector programme is to increase the resilience of the entire banking sector and to restore its market access.
The ongoing work carried out by independent auditors and consultants will precise the amount needed by the Spanish credit institutions.
The financial assistance is accompanied by the necessary bank-specific and system-wide conditionality. Dealing with the challenges Greece is facing requires difficult fiscal and structural reforms with important economic and social consequences.
Greece has already undertaken major reforms since the beginning of the crisis, many of which are already bringing tangible results, but the effort has to continue given the size of the imbalances previously accumulated.
The new Greek Government, which enjoys a large majority in Parliament, has reiterated its strong determination to deal with the challenges and take the necessary action within the EAP supported through the financial assistance by the euro area MS.
In view of the above, and bearing in mind that this provision was introduced within the framework of the Memorandum, will the Commission say:. Given that the debtor must have the right to contest a confiscation order, will it examine whether in this case the debtor's right to appeal and to have a confiscation order rescinded is safeguarded?
The provisions taken by the Ministry of Finance aiming at collecting tax debts are not mentioned as such in the European Commission's Second Economic Adjustment Programme for Greece.
Member States enjoy a great degree of autonomy in designing the procedural rules aimed at guaranteeing the effective recovery of debts claimed by the state.
The Commission is not aware of specific issues about the right of appeal of taxpayers in this context. In any event, the protection of the rights of defence in the area of national tax collection measures generally does not fall within the Commission's competence.
Does the Commission wholly support the principles put forward by the Spanish trade union regarding its appeal in relation to the Working Time Directive?
If so, what are its conclusions? The position taken by the Commission is already set out in detail in the ruling. The Commission does not consider that this judgment will have the impact suggested by the Honourable Member, and recalls that the rules governing the payment or otherwise of sick leave, as well as proof of incapacity for work, are a matter for national law.
In such an environment, will the effects of the ECJ's decision be positive on the labour market? Poland implemented this directive through its Tourist Services Act.
This Act requires travel agencies to possess appropriate bank or insurance guarantees, with the minimum amount for such guarantees having been set by the legislator.
In line with the case law of the Court of Justice, the directive does not provide for the setting of any limit on the repayment of sums paid by tourists.
What steps does it intend to take to ensure that the customers of travel agencies in Poland are better protected? As a result, Poland amended the Polish Tourism Act and adopted two new regulations which significantly strengthened the insolvency protection schemes in Poland.
Given that it proved impossible to purchase land, the resolution approved instead the transfer of land belonging to the Ministry of Defence, namely the D-8 Punta Camorro disused coastal battery, to the Centre for Migration and Global Change or Migres Foundation and the construction and funding of facilities on this land for use by the Centre.
The Commission has requested additional information concerning this resolution. The Spanish authorities have still to reply to this request.
Nevertheless, the Commission has taken and will undertake the necessary actions to ensure that the provisions of the Habitats Directive are adequately respected in relation to this project.
The Commission is in continued contact with its US counterparts at services and political level where issues relating to intellectual property are regularly raised.
These findings agree that children who have been exposed to pesticides also have a lower IQ than those who have not.
In the USA action in this area was taken as early as when Congress adopted the Food Quality Protection Act, which requires risks for babies and children to be taken into account in the approval of pesticides.
For a number of pesticides this means in practice that an extra safety factor is applied in the USA, ten times higher than normal, to protect children and expectant mothers against risks.
When the Food Quality Protection Act was adopted, the effects of pesticides were uncertain. Now their harmful effect on the development of children's brains is known.
When the critical effect is judged of particular significance, such as developmental neurotoxic effects, an increased margin of safety shall be applied if necessary.
The Commission considers that current EU legislation on pesticides ensures a high level of human health protection as required by the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
This agreement includes provisions on tariff issues as well as on trade rules. Who will be responsible for carrying out checks: Who will be responsible for confiscating fraudulent products and imposing penalties?
How many GIs were created for Colombia and Peru, and what exactly were they? Peru and Colombia can develop their own legislation provided it does not conflict with the rules set out in the Agreement.
It states that more than half of the food consumed in Europe is contaminated with endocrine disruptors. A quarter of the food consumed in Europe is thus apparently contaminated by multiple pesticide residues, sometimes with more than ten pesticides in the same food.
What are its intentions as regards the future replacement of certain endocrine disruptors? According to which criteria and by what procedure will it draw up this list of endocrine disruptors which need to be replaced?
In particular, will it take into account the cumulative cocktail effects of endocrine disruptors in its assessment of the chemicals which it is envisaging replacing?
Finally, does it intend to act in favour of consumers — in particular vulnerable consumers, such as pregnant women or children, who are particularly sensitive to endocrine disruptors — so as to inform them about and protect them against these chemicals?
The European Food Safety Authority is currently working on new methodologies for cumulative risk assessment and as soon as a validated approach is available, the Commission and Member States will consider its implementation.
The Minister claimed that the power to make decisions regarding oil prospecting activities lay solely with the Spanish State, not the European Union.
Can the Commission confirm whether, contrary to the claims of the Spanish Minister for Industry, Trade and Tourism, it has the competence, on the basis of environmental rules and common standards, to ensure non-discriminatory access to prospecting activities?
Has the Commission investigated or does it intend to investigate the various and increasing number of oil prospecting activities being carried out in Spain?
The information will be assessed once received and the Commission will act accordingly. Based on reporting by Member States and their actions a great deal can be achieved in tackling the growing problem of marine litter, but only if ambitious targets are set for the reduction of marine litter.
Various studies point to astronomically high levels of marine litter in the Mediterranean Sea; however several studies also look at the sources of this marine litter and it does not come solely from EU Member States.
This is largely due to uncontrolled seafront dumping sites, which are a source of priority pollutants for marine ecosystems.
Outline what further measures it intends to take to tackle such non-EU sources of marine litter in the Mediterranean?
At present, a pilot study supported by funds from the Parliament is being carried out. This will address the whole basin of the Mediterranean Sea. Hvordan mener Kommissionen, at medlemsstaterne kan garantere, at forordning EF nr.
De kan endvidere suspendere eller annullere transportvirksomhedens autorisation eller godkendelsescertifikatet for transportmidlet.
Before long-distance transport between Member States or to a third country, the veterinarian is required to verify that the truck has a valid certificate for long journeys.
This means it is sufficient that the veterinarian checks the existence of the document; the veterinarian is, however, not required to check the truck itself nor the condition of the animals.
If so, does it believe that the Member States have the financial and personnel resources to carry out the checks that would be necessary just to make long-distance transport possible, rather than transporting meat and carcasses instead?
In the case of long journeys between Member States and with third countries, official checks at the place of departure for fitness for transport have to be performed before the loading as part of the animal health checks.
They usually take place within 24 hours before departure. In addition, animals may be checked by officials in slaughterhouses, assembly centres and control posts where competent authorities operate regularly.
In addition, they may suspend or withdraw the authorisation of the transporter or the certificate of approval of the means of transport.
Member States have the primary responsibility for ensuring a satisfactory level of protection for animals during transport.
For this purpose, Member States have laid down rules on penalties applicable to infringements that are designed to be dissuasive.
Oltre 50 operatori sanitari in due differenti zone in India hanno ammesso di aver ricevuto obiettivi numerici di sterilizzazione femminile.
Gli ordini in questione sono stati impartiti da direttori o altri dirigenti sanitari, che hanno minacciato i lavoratori con il taglio o il congelamento del salario o con un possibile licenziamento in caso di mancato conseguimento degli obiettivi loro imposti.
Questi possono variare da 5 sterilizzazioni per persona per anno a una per mese. Per rispettarli, gli operatori sanitari sono obbligati a mettere in pratica una ricerca aggressiva di potenziali clienti che, spesso, sono conoscenti o vicini dell'operatore.
Secondo lo Human Rights Watch, suddetta prassi costituisce una duplice violazione dei diritti umani. In primo luogo, l'imposizione di una quota di sterilizzazioni femminili costituisce una violazione dei diritti degli operatori sanitari che li obbliga a modificare i fascicoli o a manipolare le donne per farle acconsentire alla procedura.
In secondo luogo, si tratta di una violazione dei diritti delle donne. Queste non dovrebbero essere perseguitate con informazioni per decidere sulla propria salute riproduttiva e, indubbiamente, non dovrebbero essere sottoposte a pressioni volte a farle optare per una tale decisione da parte di operatori sanitari che cercano di rispettare gli obiettivi loro imposti e forniscono informazioni falsate circa i rischi per la sicurezza o le conseguenze di un tale intervento.
Quali sono le opzioni di cui dispone l'Europa per trattare questa violazione dei diritti umani? Da osservazioni fatte durante numerose missioni di verifica risulta che i metodi di pianificazione familiare — comprendenti il posticipo del primo parto, le nascite intervallate e la sterilizzazione — si basano su consulenze e decisioni volontarie e consapevoli da parte delle persone direttamente interessate.
Over 50 health workers in two different boroughs in India have admitted to being given target numbers for female sterilisations. These orders come from supervisors or other high-ranking health officials, and workers are threatened with salary cuts and freezes or with possible job loss if they fail to meet their targets.
Targets can be anywhere from five sterilisations per person per year to one per month. To meet this quota, workers are forced to aggressively pursue potential clients, often those who come from among their personal acquaintances or neighbourhoods.
According to Human Rights Watch, such a practice is a twofold violation of human rights. First, it is a violation of the rights of the workers to give them a quota for female sterilisation — one that requires them to either manipulate records or manipulate women into agreeing to the procedure.
Second, it is a violation of the rights of the women. However, according to India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, they have no coercive family planning programmes, and there are no longer any targets for sterilisation.
Some of the Ministry's schemes nevertheless recommend and carry out sterilisation after the birth of a third child, though according to the Government the basis for such sterilisation is always voluntary, in line with the country's policy on population stabilisation.
According to observations made during many review missions, family planning methods — which include the delay of first birth, child-spacing, and sterilisation — are based on counselling and voluntary, informed decisions by those directly involved.
While it cannot be excluded that some irregularities such as those reported by Human Rights Watch may occur, the Government of India does not condone these practices.
Tänker kommissionen kartlägga i vilken grad denna typ av varumärkeslicensiering används för närvarande och vad detta betyder för den europeiska ekonomin, särskilt skatteuppbörden?
This Member also raised the issue of foreign companies using, for instance, trademark licensing regimes to move profits accumulated on the European market to owners abroad, irrespective of the activities undertaken by those foreign companies on the European market with respect to manufacturing or vending.
Is the Commission currently planning to map the extent to which this type of trademark licensing practise is currently in use and its implications for the European economy, and in particular the tax institutions?
The Commission would like to inform the Honourable Member that it is not currently planning to conduct any mapping or investigation of trade mark licensing practices by foreign companies on the European market.
As a result, the Commission is not in a position to indicate whether any specific country or sector could be potentially covered if such an investigation were to materialise.
Malmström wil nog veel meer immigratie naar Europa. Kan de Commissie aangeven welke EU-lidstaten volgens Malmström meer migranten zouden moeten toelaten, en waarom?
Waarom schuift de Commissie deze verantwoordelijkheid af op de nationale politici? Hoe gaat de Commissie ervoor zorgen dat immigranten braaf in de lidstaten blijven die zich in de visie van de Commissie demografisch incorrect ontwikkelen?
De lidstaten blijven echter zelf bepalen hoeveel economische migranten zij willen toelaten. Integratie is een plaatselijke aangelegenheid en het integratiebeleid moet zo dicht mogelijk bij die plaats worden ontwikkeld.
Hoewel de lidstaten en de steden grote inspanningen hebben geleverd, doen zich nog veel problemen voor op het gebied van integratie. Goede integratie vergt inspanningen op alle niveaus.
Zoals blijkt uit de International Migration Outlook van de OECD, is de vraag naar arbeidskrachten sterk van invloed op de keuze van het land van bestemming.
De lidstaten kunnen nog steeds beperkingen stellen aan het aantal blauwekaarthouders dat zij toelaten vanuit een andere lidstaat.
Malmström acknowledges the failure of the policy of integration and the fact that ghettoes have formed in European cities, but she blames national politicians for this, saying that they have not acted with sufficient vigour.
Can the Commission explain why on the one hand it has arrogated to itself the power to impose an immigration policy on Member States at European level, but on the other hand it is not taking responsibility for the failure of integration, for example, which is caused by nothing else but its own policy?
Why does the Commission pass the buck to national politicians in this regard? Will the Commission therefore give national politicians the chance to decide on immigration policy for themselves?
How will the Commission ensure that immigrants dutifully remain in the Member States which according to the Commission are developing in a demographically incorrect manner?
However, Member States remain responsible for determining the number of economic migrants they admit. The Union may also provide incentives and support to Member States' integration measures but the Treaty excludes any harmonisation of the laws and regulations of the Member States.
Integration happens locally and integration policies should be developed as close as possible to the ground.
Despite important efforts in the Member States and their cities, many integration challenges still remain.
Successful integration requires efforts at all levels. There are labour and skills shortages that these migrants help to fill, in view of the ageing EU population and declining working-age population.
As shown by the OECD in its International Migration Outlook , labour market demand strongly affects the choice of country for migration.
Member States may continue to apply volumes of admission to Blue Card holders, who seek to relocate from one Member State to another.
While Russia is blocking all initiatives at the UN to denounce Syria, the revolt is being put down with a brutality that has rarely been matched.
These figures are unlikely to decrease, quite the opposite in fact, while reception facilities for those refugees on the ground are limited in many instances.
In Europe, very different approaches are being taken to dealing with asylum requests from Syrian nationals.
Given the current situation in Syria, many Member States have closed their embassies or consulates in Syria. Is she considering calling on the Member States to respect a moratorium that prohibits the return of nationals from third countries to Syria?
The Commission is working towards the establishment of a Regional Protection Programme in support of refugees from Syria, to address their most pressing needs related to international protection without forcing them to leave the region.
Resettlement is offered to those refugees considered most vulnerable, primarily to those that cannot access other durable solutions.
The Pilot Project on Emergency Resettlement for may fund resettlement of refugees from Syria and from the region.
The network is currently operated by the public company Aigües Ter Llobregat. The desalination plants will be used only to the extent needed to ensure that they function properly and during periods of extreme drought.
However, the project does not take account of or comply with the terms of the management plan for Catalonia's internal river basins, the minimum river flow plan or the National Hydrological Plan for the implementation of the Water Framework Directive.
The project also includes plans that will involve abstractions of river water and groundwater and water treatment and desalination.
This will lead to increased energy consumption and the emission of greenhouse gases. The project should therefore be subject to the Strategic Environmental Assessment procedure.
There is no European rule to prevent the beneficiary to confer the management and the exploitation of an EU co-financed infrastructure to a private company.
The RBMP of Catalonia, as reported by the Spanish authorities, does not provide information on a project such as the one referred to in the question.
The Commission will ask the Spanish authorities for information on this project and, in particular, on its compliance with WFD objectives.
The relevance of the two directives for this project should also be clarified upon receipt of the requested information from the Spanish authorities.
Da relevante instanser f. Islands of plastic pollution, which have accumulated over time with sea currents and are in the process of disintegrating, are a growing problem in European waters.
In Denmark local authorities are interested in tackling the problem before the islands disintegrate and cause pollution. For example the municipality of Lemvig in Western Jutland Denmark has broadly speaking all the skills that are needed to deal with the problem: Since the relevant bodies e.
Is the Commission aware of this problem, and has it planned or is it planning any measures in this area? The Commission is aware of the problem of marine litter and has initiated a number of activities.
The main focus of the Commission's activities is to prevent litter entering the marine environment. Axis 1 of the European Fisheries Fund could support such measures as a means to diversify the activity of fishermen.
It is entirely up to the Member State concerned whether this option is taken up. The Commission proposes that such an opportunity be continued in the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund which will come into operation in Moreover, currently the European Regional Development Fund may offer support for innovative solutions in the areas of environmental technology, methods or processes; the Member State may opt for this as well.
The Commission proposal on the European Regional Development Fund for the period which is under negotiation with the Council and the Parliament, also emphasises investments in innovation.
I have been contacted by a constituent who is concerned about the treatment of Rohingya Muslims in Burma Myanmar. My constituent claims that there are reports which confirm that the Rohingya Muslims are the most oppressed minority in Asia.
He claims that innocent Rohingya Muslims are being persecuted, lynched and mass murdered, with reports that thousands have been killed. What pressure is the Commission exerting on the Myanmar Government to stop the murder and lynching of Burmese Rohingya Muslims?
This project aims at providing support and assistance to displaced population and returnees of the North Rakhine State and their hosting communities in the fields of livelihoods and water and sanitation.
The European Union Solidarity Fund was set up in order to respond in a rapid, efficient and flexible manner to come to the aid of any Member State in the event of a major natural disaster.
Could the Commission provide a detailed table of the money spent each time the instrument has been mobilised, along with the total amount spent since it was established?
Moreover, could the Commission provide information on the average time taken from the receipt of an application for mobilisation of the Fund from the authorities of a Member State until the disbursement of the aid to that Member State?
Detailed information on each of these cases and summary overviews are contained in the annual reports on the Solidarity Fund which may also be found on the Solidarity Fund website at.
The Commission considers that the Solidarity Fund is not sufficiently responsive and that the time needed to grant aid is too long.
A legislative proposal is currently under consideration. Echter, de tweede alinea van zijn antwoord bevat onduidelijkheden over zonne-energie die verheldering behoeven.
Over het algemeen worden onder productiekosten verstaan de kosten van de productiemiddelen om tot een eindproduct te komen.
Productiekosten kunnen worden ingedeeld naargelang hun afhankelijkheid van de productieomvang. Op die manier worden constante en variabele kosten onderscheiden.
Hierbij moet gedacht worden aan bijvoorbeeld afschrijvingskosten van gebouwen of machines. Variabele kosten zijn kosten die afhangen van de productieomvang.
Hiertoe behoren bijvoorbeeld kosten voor grondstoffen of verpakking. Ik kan mij voorstellen dat door het verlenen van subsidies meer zonnecellen kunnen worden geproduceerd dan zonder subsidies.
Daardoor worden de constante kosten verdeeld over een groter aantal cellen en worden de vaste kosten per cel verlaagd.
Ben ik nog steeds op het goede spoor? Betekent dit dat door het verlenen van subsidies het systeem van subsidieverstrekking moet worden aangepast?
Kan de Commissie aangeven volgens welke bedrijfeconomische theorie subsidies leiden tot kostenverlaging? De brede uitrol van PV-installaties in Europa heeft het ondertussen voor de desbetreffende producenten mogelijk gemaakt snel vooruit te gaan op de technologische leercurve en de sector als zodanig heeft veel baat gehad bij de algemene schaalvoordelen in het geheel van de waardeketen.
Wij zien nu dat de desbetreffende subsidieregelingen in elke lidstaat worden aangepast teneinde hun kosteneffectiviteit te garanderen. However, the second paragraph of his answer makes unclear statements about solar energy, which require elucidation.
This, in turn, has led to lower production costs. Different production costs may be classified on the basis of their dependence on the volume of production.
In this way, fixed and variable costs are distinguished. Fixed costs do not change as the volume of production rises or falls.
They include, for example, costs of depreciation of buildings or machinery. Variable costs are costs which depend on the volume of production.
They include costs of raw materials or packaging. If so, what production costs are reduced by granting subsidies? It means that the fixed costs are spread over a larger number of cells, thus reducing the fixed costs per cell.
Am I still on the right lines here? Does this mean that, because of the granting of subsidies, the subsidy system needs to be adjusted?
Can the Commission indicate which economic theory suggests that subsidies reduce costs? As the volume of power generating capacity in PV installations in some Member States has been growing faster than initially expected, the total related support costs have increased accordingly.
Meanwhile the substantial deployment of PV installations in Europe has enabled the manufacturing industry to rapidly advance along the technological learning curve and the overall sector to benefit from general economies of scale along the entire value chain.
The exponential growth of the European market for PV installation has thus led to significant reductions in investment costs for new installations.
Support schemes for renewable energy as implemented in Europe can trigger precisely the described downward trend in technology costs necessary to gradually render renewable energy technologies competitive with conventional generation.
Support schemes need to adapt to the downward trend of investment costs to be able to continue driving the technology development and to eventually enable renewable energy technologies to compete in the market.
Mature technologies operating in competitive markets, with a well-functioning carbon market should ultimately no longer need support.
On the way, in every Member State, support schemes are being adjusted, to ensure their cost effectiveness.
Ik ben verheugd dat de Commissie op de hoogte is van, ik citeer: Het bevreemdt mij daarom dat mevrouw Kroes in haar antwoord niet is ingegaan op mijn vragen over de acties die de Commissie onderneemt in de richting van de Chinese autoriteiten.
Kan de Commissie aangeven op welke wijze deze schadecompensatie zal worden verhaald op de door haar genoemde niet betrouwbare bronnen?
Als de kwesties die het geachte Parlementslid noemt een wezenlijk effect op de handelsbetrekkingen hebben, kunnen deze worden besproken in het kader van de handelsdialogen die de Commissie hoe dan ook met alle belangrijke handelspartners voert.
De aansprakelijkheid verschilt per geval. Schadevergoeding voor schade die is veroorzaakt door gebrekkige goederen, valt onder het nationale recht.
Als het gebrek aan overeenstemming voortvloeit uit een handelen of nalaten van de producent of een tussenpersoon, kan de eindverkoper verhaal nemen op de aansprakelijke personen in de contractuele keten.
Die personen alsmede de rechtsvorderingen en de wijze van procederen worden bepaald door het nationale recht. In het algemeen is schadevergoeding afhankelijk van de soort schade.
Can the Commission indicate what action it is taking to draw the attention of the Chinese authorities to their responsibility for the production and distribution of the hardware and software components concerned?
Can the Commission indicate how users of the hardware and software components concerned are compensated for the damage which they suffer as a result of using those components in the ICT supply chain?
Can the Commission indicate how this compensation will be recovered from the non-trustworthy sources to which it refers? If the aspects mentioned by the Honourable Member have an important impact on trade relations, the issues can be addressed in the already existing trade dialogues that the Commission maintains with all major trade partners.
Liability issues depend on the concrete case. Compensation for damages as a result of faulty goods is regulated by national law. If the lack of conformity resulted from an act or omission by the producer or intermediary, the final seller is entitled to pursue remedies against persons liable in the contractual chain.
Those persons, together with the relevant actions and conditions of exercise, are determined by national law. In general, the compensation depends on the kind of damage.
Certification des reproducteurs ruminants. In other words, from that date the certification of all breeding animals will be mandatory, which will have the direct consequence of restricting the occupation of breeder by limiting the selection of breeding animals and reducing the possibility of exchange between breeders, which is typical of small farms.
While the need for traceability and food safety which underpins this decision is understandable, it will obviously lead to an erosion of genetic diversity.
Breeding biodiversity is an asset that must be preserved, especially since it is already threatened by climate change and the disappearance of certain breeds.
Does the Commission believe that the obligatory certification system for ruminant breeding stock is disproportionate, in that it creates more problems than solutions?
How could the Commission make this system voluntary, so that the obligation on farmers would be to achieve a specific result, not to use specific means, in order to ensure traceability and food safety in the breeding of ruminants?
The zootechnical and genealogical conditions for the acceptance for breeding purposes of pure-bred domestic ruminants are also fully harmonised and apply irrespective of the place of origin and use of the animals or their genetic material.
However, the use of males and their semen for reproduction within a Member State is subject to national animal health legislation.
Member States may encourage livestock keepers to use male breeding animals or their semen of high genetic value, and this is usually part of the approved breeding programmes implemented by recognised breeding organisations in case the purebred offspring is intended for entry in the respective herd book; however, the participation in such programmes is not obligatory under Union law.
Union legislation on the individual identification and registration of cattle, sheep and goats aims at protecting animal health and guarantying food safety.
In order to achieve its objectives it imposes certain obligations on farmers. However, identification of breeding animals is also a precondition for the implementation of breeding programmes, including those for the preservation of rare breeds and genetic biodiversity, and it is thus also helpful to farmers wishing to join those programmes.
El accidente se produjo en la carretera N-II, en uno de los tramos pendientes de desdoblar del proyecto que el Ministerio de Fomento mantiene paralizado en las comarcas de Girona.
De nada han servido las reivindicaciones, ni sus viajes a Madrid para reclamar el desbloqueo de las obras. Since the partial inauguration in of a widened section of this road, 70 people have died in traffic accidents.
The accident happened on the N-II, on one of the still unwidened sections of the now-halted Ministry of Public Works road-widening project covering several municipalities in the province of Gerona.
This tragedy has increased the level of tension and indignation among mayors of the municipalities affected by the failure to improve this road. Their protests and journeys to Madrid to request the resumption of the project have been in vain.
Local leaders are particularly concerned at the number of deaths caused by traffic accidents in this area, as 70 people have died since road-widening work started on some sections of this national road.
This directive requires Member States to take safety into account at all stages of the planning, design and operation of road infrastructure.
Does the Commission know about this dangerous stretch of road, which has caused 70 deaths? Has Spain communicated this data to the Commission?
The Member States may also apply the provisions of this directive, as a set of good practices, to national road transport infrastructure not included in the trans-European road network.
Therefore there is no obligation of Member States to inform the Commission of dangerous road stretches. The Commission has no reason to believe that Spain is not complying with the directive.
Because technological innovations are proceeding at an unceasing pace, more and more computing devices are being consigned to obsolescence more rapidly.
Although these discarded, but still usable, devices might appear to be a nuisance, they are in fact turning into a strategic resource. Recycling is being carried out increasingly systematically, and the treatment of certain materials and components is becoming technically more and more sophisticated, thus creating a growing number of jobs.
There are few sectors so full of promise, and companies that will lead this field in the future therefore need to be attracted to Europe.
Europe has to be ready to reap the profits to be gained from this future industry. Will a programme be laid down with a view to establishing this sector on a lasting footing enabling it to adapt to the developments with which it will have to contend in the future?
Strengthening the enforcement of the Waste Shipment Regulation should address the problem of environmental dumping of waste products because a large proportion of our waste is illegally exported to non-OECD countries where treatment often results in damage to the environment and loss of material.
To tackle this, the Commission has proposed tough criteria for export of this waste but further action is required to enforce existing rules.
Innovation could be another driver for progress in this area. Finally, the Ecodesign Directive offers an adequate legal framework to establish requirements for the recyclability and durability of energy-related products, whenever the associated environmental impacts are found to be significant.
While increasing the legal tools available is understandable in view of the need to ensure traceability and food security, it cannot be done at the expense of the freedom inherent to the occupation of livestock farmer, especially since traditional methods such as tattoos and plastic earrings have proved to be reliable and tried and tested.
It therefore seems to be the case that the added value of this new requirement has not been demonstrated, while its negative economic impact is already known.
To what extent does the Commission believe that the requirement that herds of cattle and flocks of sheep and goats in France be electronically identifiable brings significant and demonstrable added value?
The Commission does not envisage changing the current system making it optional. However, the Commission has been and remains open to fine-tune technical aspects to improve the overall solidity and reliability of the system and at the same time reduce its implementation costs, whenever possible.
However, it already ensures individual traceability of bovine animals. Its' implementation on a wider scale will strengthen the current traceability system.
Despite its voluntary character, the Commission proposals foresee that Member States may introduce a mandatory regime at national level.
The ever increasing inability of the population to pay rent to secure housing is yet another grim consequence of the severe economic and social crisis in Greece which is putting a strain on the cohesion and fabric of Greek society.
Does it have at its disposal any statistics on the percentage variation of evictions in Member States since the beginning of the crisis?
If so, what are the take-up rates of Member States? Eviction proper or the threat of eviction has a significant impact on the mental health of people in this difficult situation.
In this context, do any scientific studies exist showing a statistical link between evictions and suicide attempts? The Commission remains committed to support Member States in combatting all forms of homelessness, including by helping them make the best use of EU policy tools and Structural Funds.
However, this regulation does not explicitly extend protection to passengers who are affected by flight diversions, and airlines are required only to transport passengers to the airport specified on the ticket at no extra cost.
Nonetheless, a diversion can significantly extend travel time and cause serious inconvenience, discomfort and expense.
It was indicated that the Commission intended to introduce proposals for making the current regulations more effective before the end of the year.
Will the Commission ensure that these proposals provide for the extension of the current legislation on air passenger rights in order explicitly to ensure protection, including compensation, for passengers who are severely inconvenienced by diverted flights?
The Commission is currently analysing the outcome of the public consultation and the impacts of different policy options with a view to submit a legislative proposal by the end of As most environmental infrastructure has to be built at municipal level, how can the Commission ensure that local authorities have the necessary know-how to develop and manage environmental projects that will be presented for EU co-financing?
Would the Commission consider a co-financing national authority that would support municipalities in preparing project pipelines for tendering and managing environmental projects?
Can the Commission provide Bulgaria with technical assistance for the development of the public private partnerships PPPs that will attract private investment in environmental and other types of project?
Why has the Jessica financing instrument not been developed in Bulgaria, and how would the Commission help in promoting its potential and use in the country?
In accordance with the shared management principle, the Bulgarian authorities are responsible to provide support to the local authorities involved in the preparation and implementation of environmental projects.
Also, for major water infrastructure projects, the Bulgarian authorities budgeted for technical assistance aimed at the municipalities involved.
Up to now, the relevant Bulgarian authorities have taken on the role suggested by the Honourable Member.
Financial engineering instruments such as JESSICA are based on the provision of repayable assistance from the Structural Funds to investments expected to generate returns and in this way pay back investors.
There are currently several potential gas infrastructure projects competing in the Southern Corridor to supply gas to Europe from Central Asia.
As the Nabucco project no longer seems very realistic in the light of the Trans Adriatic Pipeline TAP , can the Commission clarify what its position will be in relation to the two competing projects and whether it will continue to use EU resources from the ERP Fund for Nabucco?
The final decision between these two projects is expected in Since Nabucco International Company is still in discussion with the Shah Deniz partners, the funding is still available.
Its main aim is to create a new route for Russian gas to Europe, bypassing Ukraine, but it does not diversify sources of gas.
However, the Commission is ready to assist the project developers and the Member States involved, to ensure that it is developed in a non-discriminatory way in line with EU legislation.
Landslides and erosion are becoming more and more frequent in coastal areas, in particular around the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
They impose high costs on the local populations and on the environment, and they also have implications for climate adaptation.
Will landslide and erosion issues be covered by the proposal for a directive on maritime spatial planning and integrated coastal zone management that the Commission is currently preparing?
The Commission is aware of the multiple pressures affecting coastal zones and marine and coastal ecosystems, including habitat loss and degradation, coastal erosion, pollution, overexploitation of fish stocks and climate change.
Both instruments refer to coastal erosion as an important threat for coastal areas. The results are published on http: The Commission is also working with relevant experts from different countries and sectors to develop a comprehensive climate change adaptation strategy, for adoption in , which will also consider the vulnerability of the coast and seas to changing climatic conditions.
The considered options take account of the various pressures in coastal areas, including management of erosion and landslides.
The Commission's proposal for the Common Provisions Regulation which encapsulates the main shared management funding instruments for the period includes.
Tot mijn spijt moet ik constateren dat de antwoorden van de heer Potocnik totaal geen betrekking hebben op de door mij gestelde vragen. Zoals blijkt uit de antwoorden van de heer Potocnik heeft de Commissie deelgenomen aan workshops over dierenwelzijn in het algemeen en die van boerderijdieren in het bijzonder.
Hoewel hij hiermee de betrokkenheid van de Commissie aantoont met dierenwelzijn, gaat hij voorbij aan mijn drie vragen over de opleiding van ambtenaren en professionals bij dierentuinen.
Mijn vragen waren en zijn:. Op welke wijze houdt de Commissie zich bezig met de opleiding van mensen die werken voor of bij dierentuinen?
De Commissie is enkel betrokken bij de opleiding van dierenartsen die in verschillende soorten inrichtingen actief zijn onder meer in dierentuinen.
My questions — which still require answers — were as follows:. The Commission is only engaged in the training of veterinarians working in different types of facitilies including zoos.
On the basis of that report the Commission will develop an action plan and, if necessary, propose measures to increase the number of those buildings and encourage best practices as regards the cost-effective transformation of existing buildings into nearly zero-energy buildings.
When will the Commission publish this report, and what measures will it propose to increase the number of nearly zero-energy buildings?